Jump label

Service navigation

Main navigation

You are here:

Main content

FRAME: Leisure travel of senior citizens: Conditions, forms and decisions (2000 - 2003)

Project description:

The relevance of senior citizens' leisure travel will considerably increase in the future due to demographic and societal trends. Since elderly will be more likely to hold a driving license and a car in the future, an increase in car use is more than likely. At the same time, the 'ageing' of young lifestyles into the elderly population may lead to a considerable pluralisation of leisure activities and transport demand among the elderly, particularly among the 'young old'. Nevertheless there are and will be substantial limitations in mobility among some elderly. These limitations are associated with a lack of participation in public life and a loss of well-being and life quality.


The aim of the project FRAME was to develop environmentally, socially and economically sustainable transport supply schemes for leisure activities of senior citizens. An important question of the project was to figure out which forms of transport the elderly perceive, prefer and actually use in their leisure time. For instance, what are the reasons for (not) using public transport? Is there a lack of user specific supply forms? Do the elderly spend their leisure time in the immediate residential environment, or are nowadays seniors 'hypermobile' and always on the move? How do the elderly rate different modes of travelling? Which determinants affect the demand for leisure mobility? Does the private car contribute to satisfaction and mobility?


Methodologically, the project was based on three elements: (1) nationwide research and review of planning schemes for leisure transport and the consideration of seniors' needs in spatial / transport planning and policy on the community and regional level; (2) analysis of the built environment with a focus on public transport and leisure facilities in a case study region and particularly in the immediate neighbourhood; (3) a household survey that was the core element of data collection (n=4.500 individuals). The case study region was the region of Bonn and a part of the Eifel, a rural area located about 50 km from Bonn. In terms of spatial subcategories, it was mainly distinguished between urban, suburban and rural contexts. Within these contexts, we could further subdivide on a fine-grained basis (e.g. by settlement size or centrality).


As a result of the surveys, recommendations were developed to improve the mobility of senior citizens by taking the diverse needs of the elderly as well as the societal goal of sustainability into account. In order to achieve practical relevance, the developed approaches addressed the view of the supply side over and above the perspective of the (potential) users. This was realised by inviting experts from leisure facilities and transport industry to participate in the project process. Firstly, the developed recommendations were discussed in a workshop at the University of Bonn. Secondly, the project team was steadily in touch with various experts from planning and administration.


Project report:

Rudinger, Georg / Holz-Rau, Christian / Grotz, Reinhold (Hrsg., 2004): Freizeitmobilität älterer Menschen. Dortmunder Beiträge zur Raumplanung: Verkehr 4. Dortmund. ISBN: 978-3-88211-151-4


Related publications:

Rudinger, Georg / Holz-Rau, Christian / Grotz, Reinhold (Hrsg., 2004): Freizeitmobilität älterer Menschen. Dortmunder Beiträge zur Raumplanung: Verkehr 4. Dortmund.

Kasper, Birgit (2007): Mobilität älterer Menschen. In: Bracher, Tilman / Holzapfel, Helmut / Kiepe, Folkert / Lehmbrock, Michael / Reutter, Ulrike (Hrsg.): Handbuch der kommunalen Verkehrsplanung, Kapitel Heidelberg.

Scheiner, Joachim (2006): Does the Car Make Elderly People Happy and Mobile? Settlement Structures, Car Availability and Leisure Mobility of the Elderly. In: European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research 6(2), S. 151-172.

Scheiner, Joachim (2006): Auswirkungen des demographischen Wandels auf den Verkehr. In: Gans, Paul / Schmitz-Veltin, Ansgar (ed.): Demographische Trends in Deutschland. Folgen für Städte und Regionen. Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung 226. Hannover. S. 131-153.

Beckmann, Klaus J. / Holz-Rau, Christian / Rindsfüser, Georg / Scheiner, Joachim (2005): Mobilität älterer Menschen - Analysen und verkehrsplanerische Konsequenzen. In: Echterhoff, W. (ed.): Strategien zur Sicherung der Mobilität älterer Menschen. Köln. S. 43-71.

Kasper, Birgit / Scheiner, Joachim (2005): Spatial Development and Leisure Mobility in an Ageing Society. In: Williams, Katie (Hg.): Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport. Aldershot: Ashgate. S. 83-101.

Holz-Rau, Christian / Scheiner, Joachim (2004): Verkehrsplanung und Mobilität im Kontext der demografischen Entwicklung. In: Straßenverkehrstechnik 48(7), S. 341-348.

Scheiner, Joachim (2004): Aktionsräume älterer Menschen in der Freizeit. Räumliche, soziale und biographische Bezüge. In: Raumplanung 114/115, S. 137-142.

Kasper, Birgit (2004): Begründungen und Motive der Freizeitmobilität älterer Menschen - Ergebnisse einer qualitativen Untersuchung. In: Dalkmann, Holger / Lanzendorf, Martin / Scheiner, Joachim (Hg.): Verkehrsgenese. Entstehung von Verkehr sowie Potenziale und Grenzen der Gestaltung einer nachhaltigen Mobilität. Studien zur Mobilitäts- und Verkehrsforschung 5. Mannheim. S. 165-182.



German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (www.bmbf.de),


Executive organisation:

Mobility and Transport, Building and Housing (www.tuvpt.de)


Project partner:

The project was a collaboration of the Department of Transport Planning with the Psychological Institute and the Geographical Institute at the University of Bonn (www.psychologie.uni-bonn.de, www.giub.uni-bonn.de). The project coordinator was Prof. Dr. Georg Rudinger, Center for Evaluation and Methods, University of Bonn.

The project was part of the research programme 'Leisure transport' of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research(www.freizeitverkehr.de)


Sub content


Prof. Dr. Joachim Scheiner
Associate Professor
Tel.: 0231 755-4822